the three major Christianity branches

The three main Christian groups, Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism

The Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism quiz

Take this quiz to find out how vast your knowledge about the three main Cristian denominations is.

How much do you know about Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism?


Christianity Catholic Protestant Orthodox tree branches
Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox Christianity

Various differences in terms of beliefs exist between the three major Christian groups (denominations), the Catholics, the Evangelicals (Protestants) and the Orthodox. Do you know which of these key issues belongs to which of the three denomination?

How much do you know about Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism?

Question 1 of 12.

The Orthodox view of salvation

Jesus Christ Orthodox wall cross

According to the Orthodox beliefs, how can a Christian obtain salvation?

Salvation is "faith working through love" and should be seen as a life long process. The Ultimate aim is to obtain Theosis or union with God. This is done through living a holy life and seeking to draw closer to God.
Salvation is the free and unmerited gift of God to man. It is obtained by grace through faith in Christ alone.
Salvation is by grace, specifically sanctifying grace, which is given initially through Baptismal regeneration and then maintained through the Sacraments.

A life-long process

Salvation is "faith working through love" and should be seen as a life long process. The Ultimate aim of every Orthodox Christian is to obtain Theosis or union with God. This is done through living a holy life and seeking to draw closer to God.

Question 2 of 12.

Purgatory

Purgatory painting

Which of the three major Christian groups (denominations) adheres to the doctrine of the Purgatory?

Catholicism
Protestantism
Orthodoxy

Catholicism

In the Catholic faith, Purgatory is an intermediate state of cleansing and preparation for heaven. Also a state where the punishment due to unremitted venial sins may be expiated.

Question 3 of 12.

Filioque

painting of The Christian Trinity

Which two of the Christian Churches (denominations) agree upon the doctrine of the "filioque" (the doctrine according to which The Holy Spirit proceeds from both The Father and The Son)?

The Orthodox and the Catholic
The Orthodox and the Protestant
The Catholic and the Protestant

The Protestants and the Catholics

The Catholic Church agrees with the Protestant view in regards to The Holy Spirit proceeding from both the Father and the Son. The Nicene creed includes the filioque (Latin: 'and the son'). Ambrose of Milan (340-397) wrote: "When the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, He is not separated from the Father, He is not separated from the Son".

Question 4 of 12.

Accepted by Protestantism

Martin Luther painting

Which of the following is accepted by (several subgroups of) Protestant Christianity?

Veneration of the saints
Female ordination
Papal authority and infallibility

Female ordination

Many Protestant churches practice female ordination, including those within the Anglican communion, where the issue of female episcopacy is currently being discussed.

Question 5 of 12.

Transubstantiation

What is "Transubstantiation", according to the Catholic faith?

the belief that the bread and wine do not change substance during the Eucharist
the belief that the bread and wine change completely into Christ's body and blood during the Eucharist
the belief that certain substances can be used to preserve the bodies of saints uncorrupted

The gifts change into the actual body and blood of Christ

In the Catholic Church, as in Orthodoxy, the Priest invokes the Holy Spirit during the Mass. The consecration becomes effective through the Priest, who acts in the person of Christ. The gifts change completely into Christ's body and blood and this change is termed 'Transubstantiation' (i.e. the outward appearance remains the same, but the substance changes).

Question 6 of 12.

The Virgin Mary in Orthodoxy

Icon of Mary and baby Jesus

What are the Orthodox beliefs about the Assumption and the Immaculate conception of Mary?

Both the Assumption and the Immaculate conception of Mary are accepted by Orthodox Church
Both the Assumption and the Immaculate conception of Mary are rejected by the Orthodox Church
The Assumption is accepted and it is agreed that Mary experienced physical death, but the Immaculate conception is rejected.

Assumption - yes, but not Immaculate conception

In the Orthodox faith, the Assumption of Mary is accepted and it is agreed that Mary experienced physical death, but the Immaculate conception is rejected. Orthodox belief is that the guilt of original sin is not transmitted from one generation to the next, thus obviating the need for Mary to be sinless.

Question 7 of 12.

Rejected parts of the Scripture

Which parts of the Scripture, accepted by Orthodoxy and Catholicism, does Protestantism reject?

The Letter of Jude
The Deuterocanonicals
The Book of Deuteronomy

The Deuterocanonicals

The Orthodox and the Catholic Churches accept the 39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books, but also a collection of books not found in the original Hebrew Bible. These are known as Deuterocanonicals  (i.e. a second canon of scripture). Protestantism rejects the Deuterocanonicals as not being inspired scripture and term them Apocrypha (Greek: 'Hidden Things').

Question 8 of 12.

The Pope in Catholicism

drawing of the Pope

What authority does the Pope have in the Catholic Church?

No authority whatsoever
No greater or lesser authority than any of his fellow Bishops in the church
He is the 'Vicar of Christ', the visible head of the church on Earth and spiritual successor of St. Peter

The Vicar of Christ

In the Catholic Church, the Pope is the 'Vicar of Christ' (i.e. the visible head of the church on earth and spiritual successor of St. Peter). He has supreme authority (including that over church councils) within Christendom (The Power of the keys).

Question 9 of 12.

Catholic distribution of the Eucharist

Catholic priest during the Eucharist sacrament

Are Christians who are not members of the Catholic Church allowed to receive the Eucharist?

Yes
No
Yes, but only the women and the children

No

As with Orthodoxy, in the Catholic Church only members of the church may receive the Holy Eucharist. In some Catholic Churches, the bread alone is given to the congregation, the Priest receiving the wine. However, it is becoming common for churches to have communion in both kinds.

Question 10 of 12.

Protestant foundational principle

Protestantism symbol

Which of the following is a foundational principle of Protestantism?

Apostolic succession
Sola Scriptura
The veneration of the saints

Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone) is the only infallible guide and the final authority on matters of Christian faith and practice (it is one of the foundational principles of Protestantism).

Question 11 of 12.

Clerical celibacy

Celibacy

Which of the three major Christian groups (denominations) require that all priests and bishops be celibate?

Catholicism
Orthodoxy
Protestantism

Catholicism

All Catholic clergy are required to be male. Priests and Bishops must also be celibate, with the exception of Eastern Rite Catholics and Anglican married clergy who subsequently convert to Catholicism. These groups are allowed to have married priests.

Question 12 of 12.

How many sacraments?

Sacraments

How many sacraments do the Orthodox and Catholic Churches recognize?

7
3
2

7 Holy Sacraments

In the Catholic Church, the number of Sacraments is fixed at seven and is the same list as that in Orthodoxy, with the exception of Chrismation, which is generally known as 'Confirmation'. Orthodoxy recognizes the 7 Holy Sacraments, but doesn't consider the list to be fixed.

Next question 1 of 12

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